News Article: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/windsor/c ... -1.3943984
Full Copy of the Ruling: http://www.ontariocourts.ca/decisions/2 ... CA0045.pdf
I think it's particularly noteworthy that the Court refers to section 90 of the Provincial Offences Act for its decision:
"Irregularities in form
90. (1) The validity of any proceeding is not affected by,
(a) any irregularity or defect in the substance or form of the summons, warrant, offence notice, parking infraction notice, undertaking to appear or recognizance; or
(b) any variance between the charge set out in the summons, warrant, parking infraction notice, offence notice, undertaking to appear or recognizance and the charge set out in the information or certificate.
Adjournment to meet irregularities
(2) Where it appears to the court that the defendant has been misled by any irregularity, defect or variance mentioned in subsection (1), the court may adjourn the hearing and may make such order as the court considers appropriate, including an order under section 60 for the payment of costs. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.33, s. 90."
Section 90(1)(a) seems to address any errors (or irregularities or defects) on a ticket. The Court, in its decision, said that errors such as incorrect name, incorrect municipality, etc. is not enough for a justice to invalidate a proceeding.
Section 90(1)(b) seems to address any errors corrected by a police officer (variance between the offence notice and the certificate). The Court, in its decision, said that the Act does not explicitly say that the police officer can or cannot fix errors, but section 90(1)(b) would lend itself towards justifying any errors corrected.
And finally, section 90(2) provides for a remedy if the error causes the defendant to be misled or prejudiced. The Court gave the example of a police officer completely changing the charge on his copy of the ticket after already giving the ticket to the defendant, since this would affect the ability of the defendant to provide full answer and make a defence.
Good info to know!
+++ This is not legal advice, only my opinion +++
Anyway, just a small note to jsherk, London v. Young would still be a valid argument if you need to use it, in that case the tickets were not corrected. So if a ticket is filled with the court and it is incomplete, you can still use that case law.
In this scenario the officers were "modifying" with the certificate of offence, that is really what it boils down to and the question of, are they allowed to?
As you can see, according to our top court that is OK if it does not result in misleading the accused.
Besides, the ticket can always be amended anyway, so why even bother. What I am surprised about is, why were these tickets just amended? Would that not be logical thing to do?
I guess everyone fell asleep behind the wheel.
The content of this post is not legal advice. Legal advice can only be provided after a licenced paralegal has been retained, spoken with you directly, and reviewed the documents related to your case.