Suspension on conviction for certain offences - Section 41

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Suspension on conviction for certain offences - Section 41

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Suspension on conviction for certain offences - 41

(1) Subject to subsections 41.1 (1), (2) and (3), the driver’s licence of a person who is convicted of an offence,

(a) under section 220, 221 or 236 of the Criminal Code (Canada) committed by means of a motor vehicle or a street car within the meaning of this Act or a motorized snow vehicle within the meaning of the Motorized Snow Vehicles Act;

(b) under section 249, 249.1, 249.2, 249.3, 249.4 or 252 of the Criminal Code (Canada) committed while driving or having the care, charge or control of a motor vehicle or street car within the meaning of this Act or a motorized snow vehicle within the meaning of the Motorized Snow Vehicles Act;

(b.1) under section 253 or 255 of the Criminal Code (Canada) committed while,

(i) driving or having the care, charge or control of a motor vehicle or street car within the meaning of this Act or a motorized snow vehicle within the meaning of the Motorized Snow Vehicles Act, or

(ii) operating or having the care or control of a vessel within the meaning of section 48;

(c) under section 254 of the Criminal Code (Canada) committed in relation to,

(i) driving or having the care, charge or control of a motor vehicle or street car within the meaning of this Act or a motorized snow vehicle within the meaning of the Motorized Snow Vehicles Act, or

(ii) operating or having the care or control of a vessel within the meaning of section 48;

(d) under a provision that is enacted by a state of the United States of America and that is designated by the regulations; or

(e) referred to in a predecessor to this subsection,

is thereupon suspended,

(f) upon the first conviction, for one year;

(g) upon the first subsequent conviction, for three years; and

(h) upon the second subsequent conviction or an additional subsequent conviction, indefinitely. 1997, c. 12, s. 1 (1); 2001, c. 9, Sched. O, s. 2; 2006, c. 20, s. 1; 2007, c. 13, s. 6 (1).

Note: The periods of suspension provided for in subsection (1), as it read immediately before September 30, 1998, continue to apply with respect to convictions for offences committed before that date. See: 1997, c. 12, s. 1 (3).

Determining subsequent conviction

(2) In determining whether a conviction is a subsequent conviction or an additional subsequent conviction, as the case may be, for the purpose of clauses (1) (g) and (h), the only question to be considered is the sequence of convictions and no consideration shall be given to the sequence of commission of offences or whether any offence occurred before or after any conviction. R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 41 (2).

Ten-year limitation

(3) Clauses (1) (g) and (h) do not apply when the subsequent conviction is more than 10 years after the previous conviction. 1997, c. 12, s. 1 (2).

Note: The five-year limitation provided for in subsection (3), as it read immediately before September 30, 1998, continues to apply with respect to convictions for offences committed before that date. See: 1997, c. 12, s. 1 (4).

Exception

(3.0.1) Despite subsection (3), when the subsequent conviction is within 10 years after the previous conviction, all previous convictions that were not followed by a 10-year period without a conviction shall be taken into account for the purpose of clauses (1) (g) and (h). 1997, c. 12, s. 1 (2).

Transition

(3.0.2) Despite subsections (3) and (3.0.1), a conviction that was more than five years before the date on which this subsection comes into force shall not be taken into account for the purpose of clauses (1) (g) and (h). 1997, c. 12, s. 1 (2).

Suspension concurrent with s. 48.3 suspension

(3.1) The licence suspension under this section runs concurrently with the remaining portion, if any, of a suspension under section 48.3. 1996, c. 20, s. 5.

Order extending suspension

(4) Where the court or judge, as the case may be, making the conviction referred to in subsection (1) considers it to be desirable for the protection of the public using the highways, the court or judge may make an order extending the suspension of the licence,

(a) for any period in addition to the period specified in subsection (1) that the court or judge considers proper, if the person is liable to imprisonment for life in respect of the offence; or

(b) for any period in addition to the period specified in subsection (1) that the court or judge considers proper but not exceeding three years, if the person is not liable to imprisonment for life in respect of the offence. R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 41 (4).

Reduced suspension with ignition interlock condition

(4.1) A person whose driver’s licence is suspended under subsection (1) for an offence listed in clause (1) (b.1) or (c) may apply to the Registrar for the reinstatement of his or her licence before the end of the licence suspension period, and the Registrar may reinstate the person’s licence before the end of the licence suspension period, if the person has been notified under section 57 that he or she is required to participate in a conduct review program under that section that consists of or includes an ignition interlock program. 2007, c. 13, s. 6 (2).

Order for discharge

(5) This section applies in the same manner as if a person were convicted of an offence if the person pleads guilty to or is found guilty of an offence referred to in subsection (1) and,

(a) an order directing that the accused be discharged is made under section 730 of the Criminal Code (Canada) or under a provision that is enacted by a state of the United States of America and that is designated by the regulations; or

(b) a disposition is made under section 20 or sections 28 to 32 of the Young Offenders Act (Canada) or a youth sentence is imposed under section 42, 59, 94, 95 or 96 of the Youth Criminal Justice Act (Canada) or an adult sentence is imposed under the Youth Criminal Justice Act (Canada), including a confirmation or variation of the disposition or sentence. R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 41 (5); 2000, c. 26, Sched. O, s. 1; 2006, c. 19, Sched. D, s. 9 (2).

Appeal

(6) An appeal may be taken from an order for additional suspension made under subsection (4) and the provisions of the Criminal Code (Canada) applying to an appeal from the conviction referred to in subsection (1) apply in respect of an appeal from an order made under subsection (4). R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 41 (6).

Stay of order on appeal

(7) Where an appeal is taken under subsection (6), the court being appealed to may direct that the order being appealed from shall be stayed pending the final disposition of the appeal or until otherwise ordered by that court. R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 41 (7).

No cause of action

(8) No person whose licence is or was suspended under subsection (1) or a predecessor thereof has a cause of action against the Registrar of Motor Vehicles or Her Majesty the Queen in right of Ontario for any misapplication of, or misadvice about, the suspension period under subsection (1) or predecessor thereof. R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 41 (8).


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