From the news article at http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2012/08 ... _zone.html is the quote:
So, does anyone on this board know what laws, if any, are applicable to such motorized bicycles?But traffic laws are still muddy on the legality of gas-powered bikes on Ontario roads.
ÃƒÂ¢Ã‚â‚¬Ã‚Å“ItÃƒÂ¢Ã‚â‚¬Ã‚â„¢s this really strange grey zone,ÃƒÂ¢Ã‚â‚¬Ã‚Â said Const. Clinton Stibbe from Traffic Services.
Gas-powered bikes still have working pedals. If the cyclist is pedaling, both criminal law and the Highway Traffic Act consider it as a regular bike.
But if the cyclist fires up the engine ÃƒÂ¢Ã‚â‚¬Ã‚â€œ usually controlled by squeezing a lever on the handlebar ÃƒÂ¢Ã‚â‚¬Ã‚â€œ the bike becomes a motorized vehicle. Now, the cyclist is restricted from using bike lanes.
Although bicycles with gas-powered motors arenÃƒÂ¢Ã‚â‚¬Ã‚â„¢t ideal for Toronto streets, Stibbe says theyÃƒÂ¢Ã‚â‚¬Ã‚â„¢re not illegal.
ÃƒÂ¢Ã‚â‚¬Ã‚Å“We canÃƒÂ¢Ã‚â‚¬Ã‚â„¢t, at this point, arrest someone if theyÃƒÂ¢Ã‚â‚¬Ã‚â„¢re operating it according to the rules of the road,ÃƒÂ¢Ã‚â‚¬Ã‚Â he said.
Although some motorized bikes are considered mopeds under the Ministry of TransportationÃƒÂ¢Ã‚â‚¬Ã‚â„¢s definition, many are not. The bike involved in ThursdayÃƒÂ¢Ã‚â‚¬Ã‚â„¢s accident was manufactured by Shandong Incalcu Electric Vehicle Co., a Chinese manufacturer that doesnÃƒÂ¢Ã‚â‚¬Ã‚â„¢t meet OntarioÃƒÂ¢Ã‚â‚¬Ã‚â„¢s commercial motor vehicle safety standards.
The standards require motorized bikes to have safety features such as have lights, a horn and acceleration and breaking requirements.
Bikes that donÃƒÂ¢Ã‚â‚¬Ã‚â„¢t meet these standards donÃƒÂ¢Ã‚â‚¬Ã‚â„¢t require insurance or license plates like mopeds. However, riders still need to be at least 16 years old.